The DEFCON Warning System™

Ongoing GeoIntel and Analysis in the theater of nuclear war.  DEFCON Level assessment issued for public notification.  Established 1984.

National stockpiles for radiological and nuclear emergencies: policy advice

This document describes protocols and practices for ensuring the essential elements of a national stockpile of medical countermeasures for radiation emergencies, particularly of the pharmaceuticals required to treat radiation injuries. It also addresses governance and management of such stockpiles. It supersedes the 2007 WHO report on development of stockpiles for radiation emergencies, and includes updated information on some of the pharmaceutical elements of stockpiles and additional information on medicines recently approved in recent years for clinical management of radiation injuries in several countries. This publication was produced through the collaboration of a global network of experts and partners. We would like to thank them all for their support to WHO’s mission, thereby helping to increase global preparedness for radiological and nuclear emergencies.

Ongoing Geointel and Analysis in the theater of nuclear war.

© 2024 The DEFCON Warning System. Established 1984.

The DEFCON Warning System is a private intelligence organization which has monitored and assessed nuclear threats by national entities since 1984. It is not affiliated with any government agency and does not represent the alert status of any military branch. The public should make their own evaluations and not rely on the DEFCON Warning System for any strategic planning. At all times, citizens are urged to learn what steps to take in the event of a nuclear attack.