There is quite a lot of confusion about The DEFCON Warning System, so we put together this FAQ which will hopefully help quell some of it.
The following are the recommended steps to take for each of the different DEFCON Warning System Alert Levels. The pubic is advised that these are only recommendations and that each individual must determine for themselves what they should do at a particular time.
DEFCON 5 – Green
This is the standard peacetime alert level. All is quiet. There are no known imminent nuclear threats. Updates will be given the 1st of every month (except for April 1st or if the day falls on a Saturday, in which case the update will appear a day later) with immediate updates issued as the situation warrants.
The public should utilize this time to plan and build a fallout shelter. It is best to do this during peace where there is no time pressure. Instead of having to build an Expedient shelter which provides only minimal and cramped protection, one planned for and built now has the potential to offer far more protection under much more comfortable conditions. Remember that it will take 17.5 inches of packed earth to provide a Protection Factor of 32. The minimum PF for government fallout shelters is 40. This is considered to be grossly inadequate. It is highly recommended that you obtain a PF of at least 1000. For every 3.5 inches of packed earth you add, you will double your Protection Factor. To achieve a PF of 1024, you will need 35 inches of packed earth. Remember, the more packed earth you add, the higher your Protection Factor. For those who live downwind of major or multiple targets (or anyone who lives east of the Rockies), a PF of 10000 is the absolute minimum you should strive for. That’s 49 inches of packed earth, only 14 inches more than a PF of 1000.
Now is also an excellent time to begin stocking up on non-perishable items. Each time you go to the grocery store, pick up one or two additional items and store them. Think bathroom tissue (do you really want to live life without that?), paper towels, trash bags, toothbrushes, cat litter, plastic wrap, empty plastic bottles (for water), and anything else you may need personally that is non-perishable. It will hopefully be years before you will need to use it, so make sure it won’t go bad in that time. Think about clothing and blankets as well. A trip to to your local Thrift Store will allow you to stock up on these essential items without costing much at all. Don’t let your pride get in the way. After nuclear war, you won’t care what you’re wearing. This is also a good time to read the handbook Nuclear War Survival Skills by Cresson H. Kearny. You can find it at http://www.ki4u.com/free_book/s73p904.htm
DEFCON 4 – Blue
This is the non-standard peacetime alert level. All is quiet, though there have been some events which warrant observation. There are no known imminent nuclear threats. More likely than not, nothing will happen and the DEFCON level will eventually revert back to Green. Updates will be given every three weeks with immediate updates issued as the situation warrants.
Generally speaking, there is no need to alter activity from Level Green. The DEFCON Warning System is designed to be sensitive to certain situations, and has gone to Blue several times in the past and reverted back to Green a few weeks later. This is normal and nothing to be concerned about.
Continue to stock up on non-perishable supplies and building your fallout shelter.
DEFCON 3 – Yellow
Events of concern are occurring in the world theatre. There are no known immediate nuclear threats, however the situation is considered fluid. Updates will be given every seven days with immediate updates issued as the situation warrants.
This is the most uncertain of the Alert levels. You must make a decision every day (or sometimes every hour) as to whether you think the situation will resolve itself or get out of hand. To be on the realistic side, you should hope for the best but plan for the worst.
If you live in a city or near another target, make evacuation plans to a safer area. Be sure you have family there who will take you in and can have an appropriate fallout shelter and supplies for you. (Generally, you should bring your own supplies and not rely on others.) If the crisis worsens, you may wish to evacuate before the Alert level rises to the next stage.
If you have not already done so, now is the time to begin building a fallout shelter. Use plans for an Expedient shelter and, if there is time later, you can expand upon them.
Begin gathering supplies of fuel. Do not keep them near your shelter. Make sure your weapons are clean and serviceable. If you do not have any, obtain some now and learn how to use them.
Begin gathering some supplies of food with long shelf-life. Cereals, flour, rice, dehydrated foods. Vitamins, medicines, and other items of necessity which have long shelf-lives should also be gathered at this time.
If you have pets, enough dry food should be obtained to last an indefinite period.
How much food and supplies will you need? No one knows. Although FEMA says you need a minimum of two weeks, it is very unlikely that the supply chain will be re-established in that short a time following nuclear war. Prudently, you should plan on being on your own for two years. Remember, the longer you can survive on your own, the better off you will be. If you have land, also consider gathering supplies of seed for farming.
At the absolute barest minimum, wheat and honey will give you everything you need to stay alive and wheat is very cheap. Don’t forget supplements. They will help to make up what you lack in your diet.
When buying supplies, especially on the higher Alert levels, consider placing your purchases on a credit card. If WWIII breaks out, who is going to come and collect?
Remember, if nothing happens, you will be able to use all these things anyway, so nothing will actually go to waste. You’ll just have done your grocery shopping early and gotten it out of the way!
DEFCON 2 – Orange
Hostilities have or are about to break out. There is the possibility of a nuclear strike. Updates will be given every day with immediate updates issued as the situation warrants.
If you live in a targeted city with a population of 100,000 or more or you are near another target area and you do not have a blast shelter (different than a fallout shelter…likely you will not have a blast shelter) then consider evacuation.
Check your inventory. Anything you lack in food or supplies you should make up for now. Get as much as you can. Make several trips if you have to. Remember, put it on the credit card. If you have a bank account, close it and hold all the cash in your shelter or other safe place.
If you do not have a shelter, then you must begin making an Expedient shelter now. Two people can make a 6 person Expedient shelter that is 3-1/2 feet wide, 4-1/2 feet high, and 16-1/2 feet long in less than 48 hours. (In this particular timed experiment, a father and son took 36 hours to build their shelter near the edge of a cornfield. The ground was not hard but was not tilled, either. Your results will, of course, vary.)
DEFCON 1 – Red
A nuclear attack is in progress or is considered to be highly likely. It is planned for the Alert level to go to Red before an actual attack. This will introduce a possibility of error, but will also give the most warning. You must decide for yourself whether to act upon it or not. Updates will be given at 7 A.M and 7 P.M Pacific Time with immediate updates issued as the situation warrants. Post-attack, radiation levels will be given for the Stevens and Ferry County areas as well as any other areas if possible. Updates for radiation will also be given at 7 A.M. and 7 P.M. Pacific Time. Immediate updates will be issued as the situation warrants.
For those in an attack area, if you do not have a fallout shelter, you must begin making one immediately.
Do not travel far from your shelter. If you are in a city or near another nuclear target, you may not have time to evacuate and it may no longer be possible due to jammed roadways or travel restrictions.
Fill all plastic bottles with water. Fill your bathtub and sinks with water as well. If you can fill it with water, do so. You can never have too much water. Repeat: You can never have too much water! Remember that the water in your hot water tank is also another source of clean water.
If there is anything you need in your shelter that you do not have there already, move it there. Disconnect all power sources to prevent damage from any EMP. (Note that the EMP effect is only theoretical.)
Keep your family together.
If you have no supplies and the Alert level has just changed, then you may decide to take a (enormous) risk and do a desperate supply run. There is a chance that you may still have time. Likely, however, a panicked public has already taken all the supplies. Note that we do not recommend this course of action, but a fallout shelter with no supplies is not a fallout shelter but a tomb.